Thursday, November 13, 2008

The electrifying redemption of Americas revolutionary declaration - Spread the word. A key moment.

Repower America

Dear Partha Sarathi,

In an editorial published Sunday in the New York Times, Al Gore outlined the Repower America Plan -- how to achieve 100% clean electricity within ten years. We've included the editorial below. Vice President Gore describes what's required to transform our nation's energy economy.
Can you help spread the word?

An easy way to help is to simply write a short letter to the editor of your local paper. If you write today, your letter could get into the Sunday edition this coming weekend. Just go to:

This is a key moment. President-elect Obama has said that focusing on energy and climate will be a first priority in the new administration. Congress and the new President need to see that they have strong support to "go big" in solving these problems, with clean, homegrown energy -- even in the face of the powerful fossil fuel lobbies.

To build this kind of national commitment, we need to clearly expose the "common thread" that connects three of our nation's major challenges -- the economy, national security, and the climate crisis. This common thread is our dependence on dirty coal and foreign oil.

As Al Gore writes, "Here is the good news: the bold steps that are needed to solve the climate crisis are exactly the same steps that ought to be taken in order to solve the economic crisis and the energy security crisis."

Our simple online tool makes it easy to submit a letter to your local paper. And the letters-to-the-editor section is one of the most widely read sections of any newspaper, because people want to hear what other people think.

Just click

Thanks so much,

Cathy Zoi

P.S. For more details on the Repower America Plan, just go to


Op-Ed Contributor
The Climate for Change
Published: November 9, 2008

The inspiring and transformative choice by the American people to elect Barack Obama as our 44th president lays the foundation for another fateful choice that he -- and we -- must make this January to begin an emergency rescue of human civilization from the imminent and rapidly growing threat posed by the climate crisis.

The electrifying redemption of America's revolutionary declaration that all human beings are born equal sets the stage for the renewal of United States leadership in a world that desperately needs to protect its primary endowment: the integrity and livability of the planet.

The world authority on the climate crisis, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, after 20 years of detailed study and four unanimous reports, now says that the evidence is "unequivocal." To those who are still tempted to dismiss the increasingly urgent alarms from scientists around the world, ignore the melting of the north polar ice cap and all of the other apocalyptic warnings from the planet itself, and who roll their eyes at the very mention of this existential threat to the future of the human species, please wake up. Our children and grandchildren need you to hear and recognize the truth of our situation, before it is too late.

Here is the good news: the bold steps that are needed to solve the climate crisis are exactly the same steps that ought to be taken in order to solve the economic crisis and the energy security crisis.

Economists across the spectrum -- including Martin Feldstein and Lawrence Summers -- agree that large and rapid investments in a jobs-intensive infrastructure initiative is the best way to revive our economy in a quick and sustainable way. Many also agree that our economy will fall behind if we continue spending hundreds of billions of dollars on foreign oil every year. Moreover, national security experts in both parties agree that we face a dangerous strategic vulnerability if the world suddenly loses access to Middle Eastern oil.

As Abraham Lincoln said during America's darkest hour, "The occasion is piled high with difficulty, and we must rise with the occasion. As our case is new, so we must think anew, and act anew." In our present case, thinking anew requires discarding an outdated and fatally flawed definition of the problem we face.

Thirty-five years ago this past week, President Richard Nixon created Project Independence, which set a national goal that, within seven years, the United States would develop "the potential to meet our own energy needs without depending on any foreign energy sources." His statement came three weeks after the Arab oil embargo had sent prices skyrocketing and woke America to the dangers of dependence on foreign oil. And -- not coincidentally -- it came only three years after United States domestic oil production had peaked.

At the time, the United States imported less than a third of its oil from foreign countries. Yet today, after all six of the presidents succeeding Nixon repeated some version of his goal, our dependence has doubled from one-third to nearly two-thirds -- and many feel that global oil production is at or near its peak.

Some still see this as a problem of domestic production. If we could only increase oil and coal production at home, they argue, then we wouldn't have to rely on imports from the Middle East. Some have come up with even dirtier and more expensive new ways to extract the same old fuels, like coal liquids, oil shale, tar sands and "clean coal" technology.

But in every case, the resources in question are much too expensive or polluting, or, in the case of "clean coal," too imaginary to make a difference in protecting either our national security or the global climate. Indeed, those who spend hundreds of millions promoting "clean coal" technology consistently omit the fact that there is little investment and not a single large-scale demonstration project in the United States for capturing and safely burying all of this pollution. If the coal industry can make good on this promise, then I'm all for it. But until that day comes, we simply cannot any longer base the strategy for human survival on a cynical and self-interested illusion.

Here's what we can do -- now: we can make an immediate and large strategic investment to put people to work replacing 19th-century energy technologies that depend on dangerous and expensive carbon-based fuels with 21st-century technologies that use fuel that is free forever: the sun, the wind and the natural heat of the earth.

What follows is a five-part plan to repower America with a commitment to producing 100 percent of our electricity from carbon-free sources within 10 years. It is a plan that would simultaneously move us toward solutions to the climate crisis and the economic crisis -- and create millions of new jobs that cannot be outsourced.

First, the new president and the new Congress should offer large-scale investment in incentives for the construction of concentrated solar thermal plants in the Southwestern deserts, wind farms in the corridor stretching from Texas to the Dakotas and advanced plants in geothermal hot spots that could produce large amounts of electricity.

Second, we should begin the planning and construction of a unified national smart grid for the transport of renewable electricity from the rural places where it is mostly generated to the cities where it is mostly used. New high-voltage, low-loss underground lines can be designed with "smart" features that provide consumers with sophisticated information and easy-to-use tools for conserving electricity, eliminating inefficiency and reducing their energy bills. The cost of this modern grid -- $400 billion over 10 years -- pales in comparison with the annual loss to American business of $120 billion due to the cascading failures that are endemic to our current balkanized and antiquated electricity lines.

Third, we should help America's automobile industry (not only the Big Three but the innovative new startup companies as well) to convert quickly to plug-in hybrids that can run on the renewable electricity that will be available as the rest of this plan matures. In combination with the unified grid, a nationwide fleet of plug-in hybrids would also help to solve the problem of electricity storage. Think about it: with this sort of grid, cars could be charged during off-peak energy-use hours; during peak hours, when fewer cars are on the road, they could contribute their electricity back into the national grid.

Fourth, we should embark on a nationwide effort to retrofit buildings with better insulation and energy-efficient windows and lighting. Approximately 40 percent of carbon dioxide emissions in the United States come from buildings -- and stopping that pollution saves money for homeowners and businesses. This initiative should be coupled with the proposal in Congress to help Americans who are burdened by mortgages that exceed the value of their homes.

Fifth, the United States should lead the way by putting a price on carbon here at home, and by leading the world's efforts to replace the Kyoto treaty next year in Copenhagen with a more effective treaty that caps global carbon dioxide emissions and encourages nations to invest together in efficient ways to reduce global warming pollution quickly, including by sharply reducing deforestation.

Of course, the best way -- indeed the only way -- to secure a global agreement to safeguard our future is by re-establishing the United States as the country with the moral and political authority to lead the world toward a solution.

Looking ahead, I have great hope that we will have the courage to embrace the changes necessary to save our economy, our planet and ultimately ourselves.

In an earlier transformative era in American history, President John F. Kennedy challenged our nation to land a man on the moon within 10 years. Eight years and two months later, Neil Armstrong set foot on the lunar surface. The average age of the systems engineers cheering on Apollo 11 from the Houston control room that day was 26, which means that their average age when President Kennedy announced the challenge was 18.

This year similarly saw the rise of young Americans, whose enthusiasm electrified Barack Obama's campaign. There is little doubt that this same group of energized youth will play an essential role in this project to secure our national future, once again turning seemingly impossible goals into inspiring success.

Al Gore, the vice president from 1993 to 2001, was the co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007. He founded the Alliance for Climate Protection and, as a businessman, invests in alternative energy companies.

View online:

Sunday, November 9, 2008

Tintin by Steven Spielberg on 2010?

Directed by Steven Spielberg

Characters    Hergé

Screenplay    Steven Moffat

Producer    Nick Rodwell    Steven Spielberg, Kathleen Kennedy    and Peter Jackson
Associate producer    Adam Somner
2010 Animation/Adventure/Family film directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Eric Stoltz, Andy Serkis and written by Hergé, Steven Moffat.

Steven Spielberg to direct Tintin

Les Studios Hergé, based in Bruxelle (Belgium), initially announced that Peter Jackson (Lord of the Ring, The Lovely Bones) would direct the first Tintin movie. However, Peter Jackson and Steven Spielberg announced that Spielberg will alone direct the first episode of the Tintin Trilogy.

Peter Jackson remains producer and will direct the second movie.

The first Tintin movie, developed by DreamWorks and written by Stephen Moffat, is based on the two comics books: The Secret of the Unicorn, and its sequel, Red Rackham's Treasure.

The Secret of the UnicornRed Rackham s Treasure

This story starts when Tintin finds an old model sailing ship and gives it as a present to Captain Haddock, and an exciting adventure quickly developes. From an ancient diary, they learn of the story of the of the ship, the Unicorn - a story of cutthroat pirates and lost treasure. Helped by their detective friends, Thomson and Thompson, Tintin, Snowy, and the Captain set out to uncover the secret of the Unicorn. But there are many narrow escapes for Tintin before the mystery is solved and he is ready to set off in his next strange adventure, the hunt for Red Rackham's Treasure . . .

The Tintin movies will make use of a 3D based Animation system said to be similar from what was used for Robert Zemeckis' Beowulf.

Tintin financing issues

Tintin, the digital motion-captured film adaptation of Hergé's comics, is still at the starting blocks awaiting final financing plans to be concluded.

Steven Spielberg's project of bringing the most famous Belgium reporter to the Big Screen is definately more complex to set up than expected. The first Tintin movie (from a trilogy) was expected to be relased in 2009. However, when financing fell through with Universal at the moment of the divorce of DreamWorks and Paramount, Spielberg lost the participation of his lead actor Thomas Sangster.

At this time Sony Pictures Entertainment and Paramount Pictures are talking about co-financing the project. Paramount would be the distributor in North America and some other English-speaking territories, while Sony would handle the foreign releases. No more mention of DreamWorks appears in this deal. It also sounds like the negotiations are only about the first Tintin movie directed by Steven Spielberg, and its sequel directed by Peter Jackson. Does it mean the idea of a trilogy is abandonned?

The first Tintin movie has been reported to be based on the two comics books: The Secret of the Unicorn, and its sequel, Red Rackham's Treasure.

Steven Spielberg is still expecting all this to be sorted out, and to have the first movie completed in time for a 2010 release.

Thomas Sangster

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Born Thomas Brodie Sangster
May 16, 1990 (1990-05-16) (age 18)
London, England
Years active 2001 - present

Thomas Brodie Sangster (born May 16, 1990) is an English actor, perhaps best known for his roles in the films Love Actually (2003) and Nanny McPhee (2005).



Personal life

Sangster was born in South London, where he now lives with his sister, Ava, and his parents, actors Tasha (née Bertram) and Mark Sangster.[1] His mother, a dancer and characterist, has appeared in several BBC films while his father, who is also a musician, starred in The Lion King musical in Germany.[1] Sangster is the second cousin once removed of actor Hugh Grant; his great-grandmother, Barbara Bertram,[2] and Grant's grandmother were sisters.[1] Sangster's great-grandfather, Anthony Bertram, was a novelist.[3] Sangster's interests include painting, tennis, drawing and skating. Two of his favorite artists are Eminem and Queen. He is 1.67 m (approx. 5'6"). He studies in Pimlico School in Pimlico, London.


Sangster's first acting job was in a BBC television film, The Adventures of Station Jim. He subsequently appeared in a few more television films, including the lead roles in Bobbie's Girl, The Miracle of the Cards (based on the story of Craig Shergold) and Stig of the Dump. He won the "Best Actor in a mini-series" award at the 2003 Monte Carlo Film Festival for his role in the miniseries Entrusted. Love Actually, in which he played Liam Neeson's stepson, was Sangster's first major theatrical film.[1] He was nominated for a "Golden Satellite Award" and a Young Artist Award for his role in the film.

Sangster next appeared in a television adaptation of the novel Feather Boy (2004) and played a younger version of James Franco's role in the film version of Tristan and Isolde (2006), which was filmed in the Czech Republic. Among other things, Sangster takes part in a swordfight in the film. Sangster next starred in the commercially successful film Nanny McPhee, as the eldest of seven children.[1]

In 2007 he appeared in a two-part story ("Human Nature" and "The Family of Blood") in the third series of Doctor Who as schoolboy Tim Latimer,[4] and guest-starred in the Doctor Who audio dramas The Mind's Eye and The Bride of Peladon. His voice lowered during filming of the Doctor Who episodes. That same year he voiced the character of Ferb in the Disney Channel animated series Phineas and Ferb. He also starred alongside Love Actually and Nanny McPhee co-star Colin Firth in the film adaptation of Valerio Massimo Manfredi's historical novel The Last Legion, released in 2007.[1]

Sangster is next scheduled to appear in the Holocaust-themed, The Fence. As of December 2007, he was also working on the filming of a television series of the story of Pinocchio. Steven Spielberg cast Sangster in the lead role in his Tintin film.


Wednesday, November 5, 2008

A Positive Diwali Wish & US Election

This is a good diwali wish which I got from my friend Indranil Chakraborty.

Nothing is derogatorily darker than the darkness of mind!

Still many are busy in their age-old futile attempts
either to attain virtue through violence,
or to bring justice against one atrocity 
through accepting another atrocity!

Darkness of minds keep all these always widely prevalent.

In the absence of the light of appropriate knowledge,
we almost always become mere slaves of the existing systems.

Obliteration of the darkness of our minds
is itself an 'Eternal Festival of Light',
which spreads the light of knowledge
to grow our collective wisdom,
which in turn transforms our world
into a better place to live!

Greet you heartily with the thought
on this 'Seasonal Festival of Light of India'!

... Conveying my Heartiest Greetings ...
Let's Spread the Light of Freedom ...
The Celebration would be Beautifully Brighter,
if We Care to be little more Sincere & Honest
to the Virtues of Independence & Democracy ...
Please allow yourself to read in detail
at the links provided with the following excerpts ...

" ... we citizens of India
are living through an attack on our democracy
far more insidious and lethal
than anything a bunch of terrorists
could have concocted.
Future "travellers from an antique land" called India
may well recall Ozymandias. ... "


" ... In India,
nutrition surveys of
the National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau have shown
that over 33 % of the population
have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of less than 18.5,
considered to be the minimum level
for less than starvation standards.
Translated to demography,
this means that over 400 million people are exposed to
near starvation conditions.
To add to this catastrophic situation,
we are confronted now with a new set of crises.
Between 1990 and 2005,
the daily per capita availability of foodgrains
has fallen from 510 grams to 438.
World food prices have risen,
and the concentration of land ownership in a few hands has intensified. ... "


" ... We are firmly committed to Peace:
but to a Peace animated by justice and equity
and based on the values of life and liberty.
In the absence of these,
restoration of peace through military action
can only lead to the graveyard of peoples’ aspirations.
I end with a plea
that in the twenty first century
let us not repeat the bloodshed
that our ancestors inflicted upon populations
across large areas of the globe.
The resources of the world are for us all to share.
Let us affirm our faith in that common cause."


... If We can do ...
India will Shine
in the Beautifully Bright Light of Freedom & Democracy ...

Please add your voice
to demand justice & immediate release
of Dr. Binayak Sen
[Winner of the 2008 Jonathan Mann Award
(Source:] at

Sunday, October 12, 2008

Lucky - Be a Billionair - The E-mail Proposes You

The 419 Scam

nigerian scam - 419 scamSorry to dash your hopes for a share of the ill-gotten booty, but the letter below (and many variations on the theme) is a well-known scam that pre-dates the Internet. But unfortunately, alarming numbers of people are taking the bait in what has been dubbed "The 419 Scam".


Dear friend, Having consulted with my colleagues and based on the information Gathered from the Nigerian Chambers Of Commerce And Industry, I have the privilege to request your assistance to transfer the sum of (45,500,000.00) FORTY-FIVE MILLION, FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND UNITED STATES DOLLARS, into your accounts.

The above sum resulted from an over-invoiced contract, executed, Commissioned and paid for about three years ago by a foreign contractor. This action was however intentional and since then the fund has been in a suspense account at The Central Bank Of Nigeria Apex Bank. We are now ready to transfer the fund overseas and that is where you come in.

The total sum will be shared as follows: 60% for us, 35% for you and 5% for local and international expenses incidental to the transfer. The transfer is risk free on both sides.

When a potential victim reponds to the scammer, they are asked for their bank account and other personal information. The fraudster then tries to establish credibility by providing documents bearing Nigerian government letterhead. But invariably a "problem" arises. The victim is then pressured or threatened to provide one or more large sums of money to save the venture. According to the U.S. Treasury, this scam grosses hundreds of millions of dollars annually, and in a few cases scam victims have been killed.

To learn more about the Nigerian 419 Scam, check out this link. I think you'll also enjoy the very funny Annual Nigerian EMail Conference parody.

Saturday, September 27, 2008

Lyrics I Like :: Chris Rea > Auberge (4:40)

Chris Rea › Auberge (4:40)
On the hard fast train
On the road to gain
Something gets right through to your telling bone
Theres a sudden itch
An electric twitch
Sometimes I swear this bodys got a mind of its own

This is the naked truth
This is the light
Theres only one place left to go

You meet the silent type
On a windy trail
With a shiny cloak and an unseen silver dagger
You can talk till you ache
Give yourself one more break
You can tell by the look on his face that it just doesnt matter

This is the naked truth
This is the light
Theres only one place left to go

Give me a weekend
Give me a day
Dont like what Im seeing though I hear what you say
Think with a dagger
And youll die on your knees
Begging for mercy
Singing please mister please

This is the naked truth
This is the light
Theres only one place left to go

Lyrics I like :: Tears In Heaven by Eric Clapton

Eric Clapton - Tears In Heaven lyrics

Would you know my name
If I saw you in heaven
Will it be the same
If I saw you in heaven
I must be strong, and carry on
Cause I know I don't belong
Here in heaven

Would you hold my hand
If I saw you in heaven
Would you help me stand
If I saw you in heaven
I'll find my way, through night and day
Cause I know I just can't stay
Here in heaven

Time can bring you down
Time can bend your knee
Time can break your heart
Have you begging please
Begging please


Beyond the door
There's peace I'm sure.
And I know there'll be no more...
Tears in heaven

Would you know my name
If I saw you in heaven
Will it be the same
If I saw you in heaven
I must be strong, and carry on
Cause I know I don't belong
Here in heaven

Cause I know I don't belong
Here in heaven

Lyrics I like :: Road To Hell by Chris Rhea

Road To Hell - Chris Rhea

Stood still on a highway
I saw a woman
By the side of the road
With a face that i knew like my own
Reflected in my window
Well she walked up to my quarterlight
And she bent down real slow
A fearful pressure paralysed me in my shadow
She said 'son what are you doing here
My fear for you has turned me in my grave'
I said 'mama i come to the valley of the rich
Myself to sell'
She said 'son this is the road to hell'
On your journey cross the wilderness
From the desert to the well
You have strayed upon the motorway to hell

Wednesday, August 27, 2008

India - Sexual Life and culture - Part I

You'd expect the land of the Kama Sutra to be as sexy as the temple art but Bollywood hasn't yet cracked Hindu morality.
Are there any people quite so beautiful as the Indians?

Possibly not, however male-female relations in India are heavily defined by the religion and culture. In theory sex should only take place in marriage and a woman's virtue and reputation are carefully guarded. If one girl should commit an indiscretion the shame spreads to all her sisters too.

In a country where just about everything is watered down or polluted, Indians are obsessed with ideas of purity. Naturally, this only applies to women who are good for one use and then are defiled for life.

Of course there are many Indias and in the wealthier circles in cities with a cooler social scene like Mumbai, Pune or Bangalore, then you might find yourself in a circle where casual sex and romance is accepted.

For the most part though, the average male traveller isn't going to meet any Indian girls as he's just not part of the culture, religion or society.

And if he does somehow find his way in then the 'love' will often come with plenty of strings attached. You see the occasional Westerner that gets married but they marry a village at the same time.

Likewise, the only cool Indian guys that a woman might want to meet will be from a wealthier background who have had the opportunity perhaps to travel and get a little more hip. Their perspectives on the gender roles are still likely to be a little outdated though – could suit old-fashioned girls.

The rest of the Indian guys in the street are always at the ready but most are hopelessly immature and only have a vague, Bollywood notion of what sex is about. Sex education is pitiful through most of India and you can be sure that any notions of foreplay, female orgasm and sex lasting more than a couple of minutes are few and far between.
Indians are beautiful but rarely sexy Not easy to get laid in the land of the kama sutra
So how did India come to be so repressed, a country that produced the karma sutra and the erotic carvings to be fond on temples up and down the land. Well, things change and the culture became radically more conservative in the last few centuries. Marriage in India is seen as a duty. Following the example of a god like Rama, Hindus should marry and procreate not for their own good but out of religious obligation. Their happiness is supposed to always come second to that.

Thursday, August 21, 2008

Czech Republic: Photographer of Soviet-led invasion remembers events 40 years on

ListenReal Audio 16kb/s ~ 32kb/s 
It was 40 years ago this Thursday that Warsaw-Pact troops invaded the former Czechoslovakia, putting an end to the hope and reform of the so-called 'Prague Spring'. All this week, Radio Prague will be commemorating the invasion by broadcasting the testimonies of those who were there. For today's programme, Rosie Johnston spoke to Libor Hajský, a junior photographer at the Czech Press Agency on August 21, 1968 – the day that Soviet tanks rolled into Prague.
Libor Hajský was 20 years old when the Warsaw-Pact troops invaded the Czechoslovak capital in the early hours of August 21:
"It was a shock for every Czech, because up until the last minute, we just had no idea. Though it is true that in the Czech Press Agency we had an inkling of what might happen, because we knew that Russian soldiers had been doing drill in the Czech forests since June. Some West German photographers had shown us images of the troops. But mere mortals had no clue that these soldiers had come to train and never left afterwards. But even then, for us, for everyone, August 21 was an absurd shock."
As a press photographer, what was his job like that day?
"I started work at 5 in the morning. I lived five minutes away from the Central Committee of the Communist Party where overnight they had arrested Dubček, and so I took my camera and ran over there as soon as it was light. Around 8 in the morning it started to get a bit dangerous, soldiers started shooting at civilians, and I think two people died. The action moved towards Wenceslas Square, and the Czech Radio building, as tradition dictates. So by late morning, I was taking photos outside the radio building."
And what did he see, not necessarily through his camera lens?
"Well personally, I was just lucky to stay alive, because perhaps two metres away from me stood a couple of people. I stepped away and a truck crashed into them, someone at the top of the hill had released the truck's brakes. I took a photo of an overturned tram which was being used as a barricade, and the troops were shooting from behind this tram and right beside me, three people were shot dead. It was like a war zone, it really was."
In Britain and America at least, some of the best known images of the invasion were taken by fellow photographer Josef Koudelka. In Libor Hajský's view, do these famous images really reflect what happened that day?
"Josef Koudelka was ten years older than me, and was already a very established professional photographer. I was just a novice, while he was a mature professional – which shows in his photos. He had a really good camera at that time and the other thing was that he had no fear. I saw him sticking his head into tanks to take photos, he had no sense of self preservation."
There are several different photo exhibitions running in Prague at the moment to commemorate the Soviet-led invasion. Libor Hajský's photos have been on display at the J. Sudek gallery until recently, while Josef Koudelka's photos of the occupation are currently being exhibited at Prague's Old Town Hall until September 10.

Wednesday, August 20, 2008

The Georgian conflict and the confounding of cross-border information

"Georgian authorities have blocked most access to Russian news broadcasters and websites since the outbreak of the conflict with Moscow. Georgia's Interior Ministry said the action was not anti-democratic, but Russian broadcasts could not be allowed to 'scare our population'. ... Georgian media, private and state-owned, are generally under the sway of President Mikheil Saakashvili, who promotes his country as a Western-style democracy. However, the country's main opposition television station was shut by the Interior Ministry at gunpoint in November and some of its equipment was smashed up." PC Magazine, 19 August 2008.
     "Within hours after fighting erupted, Russian hackers had established a site,, that showed a list of Georgian Web sites targeted and which sites had been brought down, and allowed visitors to download a simple program to enable their own computers to join the attack."
UPI, 19 August 2008.
     "NATO calls it iWar... 'It's very easy to cause a lot of trouble using three guys and a laptop.'"
Canadian Press, 19 August 2008.
     "What frustrates computer-security experts is that the features that make the Internet such an invaluable resource -- its openness and interconnectedness -- also make it easier for hackers to do harm. As a staple of 21st-century warfare, cyberattacks will become increasingly sophisticated, forcing governments and private industry to build ever-stronger firewalls and other defenses, experts said."
CNN, 18 August 2008.
     "Internet access, in one form or another, is being driven into developing nations at an astonishing rate, thanks to a combination of philanthropy and profit-making. ... PC manufacturers, meanwhile, already rely on developing markets in China, Russia, India, and Brazil to drive both growth and profits. Any effective security policy will have to take such growth into account, and plan accordingly. At present, technological dominance and superior infrastructure may give the United States a decisive edge, but history teaches that this edge will inevitably degrade as other countries either catch up or as the threats themselves evolve." Joel Hruska,
ars technica, 18 August 2008.
     "From a domestic perspective, the most frightening thing about this whole Georgian cyber-attack situation isn't that we're vulnerable to a similar onslaught of legions of cyber-warriors, government-sponsored or not, it's that Washington doesn't really know what it's doing." Cyrus Farivar,
Salon Machinist blog, 18 August 2008. Posted: 20 Aug 2008

Voice of Russia expands broadcasts "for Georgia." "Voice of Russia radio station will increase its broadcasting from Moscow for Georgia by using additional transmitters and increasing airtime. 'Voice of Russia will increase its broadcasting for Georgia by increasing the number of short- and medium-wave transmitters. The broadcasting facilities of the seven transmission units in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Krasnodar and Samara have now been connected,' the Voice of Russia said in a press statement. Moreover, Voice of Russia's Russian programs will be re- broadcast in the Abkhaz capital on the FM frequency at 107.9 MHz. ... On August 9, a decree by Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili and the decision by Georgia's National Security Council banned all Russian television and radio channels and barred access to the Russian part of the Internet. Voice of Russia stopped its broadcasting from Tbilisi for Georgia from the early hours of August 8. The radio station started broadcasting for Georgia from Moscow." Interfax, 17 August 2008. See also website of Voice of Russia, successor to Radio Moscow. Sergei tells me these VOR broadcasts are not in Georgian, but Russian: "Most educated Georgians speak fluent Russian so it's not the problem. The poor quality of those programs is another issue." Posted: 20 Aug 2008

RFE/RL interviews France 24 re Georgia. "RFE/RL correspondent Charles Recknagel speaks with Robert Parsons, international affairs editor at France 24 and former head of RFE/RL's Georgian Service, who is in Georgia." Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 17 August 2008. See also RFE/RL News, 18 August 2008. Posted: 19 Aug 2008

Former BBCWS MD, and I, remember the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia. "The radio came on a minute or two before 8am on the morning of August 21, 1968. It always did. That was the start of family routine in our north London home. This morning, however, was shocking and unforgettable. The BBC bulletin led on the news that 165,000 Warsaw Pact forces had invaded Czechoslovakia from all points of the compass. ... I was born in Czechoslovakia in 1936, moving to England with my family when I was three. My first thought that morning was for my relatives, living mainly in Moravia. Ann and I, newly married, had visited them in 1961. We had experienced the dragooning of small-town life, the public loudspeakers barking out instructions to the farmers." John Tusa (managing director of BBC World Service 1986 to 1993), The Telegraph, 19 August 2008.

Even before the Prague Spring, Radio Prague's English service had a relaxed tone, refreshing for stations from communist eastern Europe. One could sense that Czechoslovakia was the Warsaw Pact country most likely to reform. During the Prague Spring, Radio Prague was one of the best international radio stations on the air.
     It may have been the evening of August 20, U.S. time, that U.S. newscasts were reporting the invasion. As a teenager in northern Indiana, I tuned to Radio Prague's English broadcast at 0100 GMT on its 7345 kHz frequency. Instead of the usual "Forward Left" interval signal before the transmission, I heard stern march music. Then a routine broadcast of Radio Prague, making no mention of the invasion. It must have been recorded before the invasion began.
     The next night, Radio Prague did not appear. It did return weeks later, with the Radio Prague staff thanking listeners for their messages of support, and stating that the Soviet troops were not invited. After a few more days, the familiar voices disappeared from Radio Prague's English service, and the station took on a very pro-Soviet line.
     Meanwhile, the North American Service of Radio Moscow, having heard many references to Soviet invasion forces from Western news sources, started referring to U.S. troops in South Vietnam as U.S. invasion forces.
     "It was just at this time, literally days after the invasion, that a 24-year-old Englishwoman started working here at Radio Prague. Her name was Liz Skelton, and a few weeks ago I had the opportunity to record an interview with her as she revisited the building where she had worked 40 years before." David Vaughan,
Radio Prague, 17 Augut 2008. Posted: 19 Aug 2008

Saturday, August 16, 2008

Chuti- A Holiday

14th August, Mama, me coming home - Aj onek din por, Sudhu Chuti katate bari ashlam, only holidays, 15,16 august chuti, na kono kaj noi, no work. I have packed my bag with a pair of books, puja sankha Anandamela ar Digit. And of course my Sony Icf-SW7600GR receiver, and i-mate JAQ to get connected with the world. At night 9.30pm reached my home in the dark, through the half known paths, at the corner of my village.

My home, I love it very much, and although I come once a month or less, it loves me a lot. As I reached, there was a welcome dinner ready, and my mom know what I like in this season, OL BATA NARKEL DIYE, SATHE NARLE VAJA, AR OLER DALNA, AHA PRAN JURIYE KHAELAM. BANGAL RANNA, ER SADH ATULONIYO, TAR UPOR MA REDHECHE, ER POR KOTHA HOI NA. AFTER being overloaded with a heavy dinner, I was failingly tried to read books at my bed, falen asleep soon. And in the sleep, the best sleep was waiting for me, as it started raining heavily, on the corrogetted tin roof, the best sleeping music I could ever heard have started. From the child hood I Like this sound, and it works like heavy dose of diazepam or alzolum (which I never requir) to me. Oh it was a heavenly sleep... Till nextday morning at 6 o'clock...

Tuesday, July 29, 2008



Monday, July 28, 2008

Story Part 2 - First Engine Motor

২. প্রথম ইঞ্জিন গাড়ি
আমাদের বাড়িটা ছিল গা থেকে একটেরে। এদিকে কোনো রাস্তা ছিলনা। বাড়ির পরেই সবুজ ঝোপঝারের ঢেউ। 
আমাদের সবচেয়ে কাছে আন্নালি-আগার বাড়ি। তবে আমার বন্ধু ইয়াজলির সাথে কথা বলতে হলে উথতে হত বারির চালে কিংবা গাছে।

সেদিন চালে প্রথম উথেছিল ইয়াজলি।
'কা-য়ু-য়ু-য়ুম!' গলা ফাটিয়ে চেচাঁল সে।
দুধের পেয়ালা রেখে ছুটে গেলাম আঙিনায়।
'কী-ই-ই-ই!' প্রানপনে সারা দিলাম।
'চলে আ-আয় এখানে। বাবার আছে লোহার গাড়ি!'
ছুটলাম আন্নালি আগার বাড়িতে।
আঙিনায় বড়ো বড়ো লোহার চাকার ওপর বিচিত্র এক লোহার জীব।
'এটা আগুন খায়।' ফিসফিসিয়ে বললে ইয়াজলি আর সঙ্গে সঙ্গেই উঠে বসল সীটে, 'উঠে আয়! আগুন না দিলে এটা নড়বে না।'
তবে ভয় হচ্ছিল আমার।
বাড়ি থেকে বেরিয়ে এলেন আন্নালি-আগা।
'বস রে উটের বাছুর ইয়াজলির পাশে।'
কী আর করি । উঠে বসলাম শক্ত সীটটায় । আন্নালি-আগা ইঞ্জিন চালালেন । গোঁ গোঁ করে কেঁপে-ঝেঁপে উঠলো ট্র্যাক্টর , ইয়াজলিকে জড়িয়ে ধরে চললাম । খেতে যখন পৌঁছলাম , ততক্ষনে লোহার গাড়ির গন্ধ, তার ঘড়ঘড় আওয়াজে অভ্যস্ত হয়ে গিয়েছিলাম । এমনকি নজর করেও দেখলাম যে আমাদের পেছনে টেনে আনা হচ্ছে কী একটা দাঁতালো জিনিস , দাঁতগুলো তার তার কুড়ুলের মতো । আন্নালি-আগা টের পেলেন কী আমি দেখেছি । জিগ্যেস করলেনঃ

‘জানিস এটা কী ? ’

বললাম , ‘জানি এটা লোহার গাড়ির বাচ্চা।’

আন্নালি আগা হেসে উঠলেনঃ

‘এটা হাল রে, হাল। এখন আমি জমিতে হাল দেব, আর তোরা ভাগ, বাড়ি যা।’

লোহার ইঞ্জিন গাড়ির সঙ্গে সেই আমার প্রথম পরিচয়।


Sunday, July 27, 2008

Sories - 1. Kijil Ayiyak

আমার পছন্দের যতো বই আছে তার মধ্যে সবচেয়ে সুন্দর একটা বই থেকে আমি তোমাদের গল্প শোনাবো... নামটা এখন বলবো না তোমরা বুঝতে পারলে বোলো...
১। কিজিল-আয়িয়াক

আকশের তলে যত পাহাড়ে গা আছে, আমার জন্মের জায়গাটা তার
মধ্যে সবচেয়ে সেরা, সবচেয়ে সুন্দর । আমাদের গা কথা বলে, সবচেয়ে মিষ্টি আমুদরিয়া নদির গানে। জীবনে শুধু একবার, এক ঢোক তার জল খেলে, সে স্বাদ কখন ভোলা যাবে না।

আজ পর্যন্ত রোজ সকালে গায়ের চারপাশে দেখা যাবে খরগোশ, সজারু, শেয়াল, হিংশ্র শৃগালের নখরের দাগ। সে কি বলবো!

ছেলেবেলায় আমার ধারনা ছিলনা কিজিল-আয়িয়াক জিনিসটা কী।
হয়ত তার জন্য দায়ী আমার আত্মীয় স্বজনেরা। আমাদের বাড়ি বেড়াতে এসে তারা সবসময় আমায় খেপাতঃ
'কই, দেখা তো তোর পা। তুই যখন কিজিল-আয়িয়াকের ছেলে তখন তর পা হবে সোনার।'

তুর্কমেন ভাষায়
'কিজিল' মানে লাল, তবে 'সোনা'ও বোঝানো যায়। আয়িয়াক
পা। তবে প্রতিবেশী জাতিদের ভাষায় 'আয়িয়াক' মানে পাত্র, পেয়ালা। রুপকথার শাহ জেমশিদের ছিল আশ্চর্য এক সোনার পেয়ালা কিজিল আয়িয়াক। তাতে তাকিয়ে জেমশিদ শাহ দেখতে পেত দুনিয়ায় কি ঘটছে।

খুব সম্ভব আমাদের গায়ের এই নাম হয়েছে তার আগেকার অধিবাসীদের ধনদৌলতের দরুন। লোকে বলে, ভেড়ার পালে এখানকার বালি ছেয়ে যেতো যেভাবে বাদলার দিনে মেঘে ঢেকে যায় আকাশ । অবিশ্যি এসব পালেরই মালিক ছিল জন কয়েক ধনী জমিদার বা বাই। জনগন যখন নিজেদের হাতে ক্ষমতা নিল , বাইরা তাদের গরু-ভেড়া নিয়ে চলে যায় আফগানিস্থানে।

পাশের গ্রাম থেকে পরিত্যক্ত কিজিল-আয়িয়াকে, তার উর্বর জমিতে উঠে আসে ষাট জন দেকখান-চাষি, আমার বাবা ছিল তাদের একজন। গড়া হল যৌথ খামার
তিয়াজে দুনিয়া (নয়া দুনিয়া)।

তারপর অনেক দিন কাটল। সোনার কাপ শুন্যি হয় নি। আমাদের কালে আমাদের গা সত্যি করেই সোনার কাপ

এ মাটির প্রতি যারা অকৃতজ্ঞ, যারা তাকে ফেলে পালিয়েছিল, তারা এখন দারুন হিংসেয় জ্বলে মরছে।

Saturday, July 26, 2008

Five Main advantages of object-oriented programming

The popularity of Object Oriented Programming (OOP) was because of its methodology, which allowed breaking complex large software programs to simpler, smaller and manageable components. The costs of building large monolithic software were enormous. Moreover, the fundamental things in Object Oriented Programming are objects, which model real world objects. The following are the basic advantages of object-oriented systems.
Modular Design: The software built around OOP are modular, because they are built on objects and we know objects are entity in themselves, whose internal working is hidden from other objects and is decoupled from rest of the program.
Simple approach: The objects, we know, model real world, which results in simple program structure.
Modifiable: Because of its inherent properties of data abstraction and encapsulation the internal working of objects is hidden from other objects, thus any modification made to them should not affect rest of the system.
Extensible: The extension to the existing program for its adaptation to new environment can be done by simple adding few new objects or by adding new features in old classes/types.
Flexible: Software built on Object Oriented Programming, can be flexible in adapting to different situations because interaction between objects does not affect the internal working of objects.
Reusable & Maintainable: Objects once made can be reused in more than one program. Objects are separate entities, which can be maintained separately allowing fixing of bugs or any other change easily.
Class: Objects with similar properties are put together in a class. A class is a pattern, template, or blueprint for a category of structurally identical items (objects). OOPS programmers view Objects as instances of Class. A class is a blueprint from which objects can be created/ instantiated.
Class contains basic framework i.e. it describes internal organisation and defines external interface of an Object. When we say a class defines basic framework, we mean that it contains necessary functionality for a particular problem domain. For example, suppose we are developing a program for calculator, in which we have a class called calculator, which will contain all the basic functions that exists in a real world calculator, like add, subtract, multiply etc., the calculator class will, thus, define the internal working of calculator and provides an interface through which we can use this class. For using this calculator class, we need to instantiate it, i.e. we will create an object of calculator class. Thus, calculator class will provide a blueprint for building objects. An object which is an instance of a class is an entity in itself with its own data members and data functions. Objects belonging to same set of class shares methods/functions of the class but they have their own separate data members.
Defining the class does not create any objects, just as the mere existence of a type int does not create variables of type int.
A class is a description of a number of similar objects. A class has meaning only when it is instantiated. For example, we can use a class employee directly. We define a class employee and instantiate it.
Class Employee;
Employee John;
Now we can have various operations on John like compiite_salary of John.
Inheritance: Inheritance is the OOPS feature which allows derivation of the new objects from the existing ones. It allows the creation of new class, called the derived class, from the existing classes called as base class.
The concept of inheritance allows the features of base class to be accessed by the derived classes, which in turn have their new features in addition to the old base class features. The original base class is also called the parent or super class and the derived class is also called as sub-class.
An example:
Cars, mopeds, trucks have certain features in common i.e. they all have wheels, engines, headlights etc. They can be grouped under one base class called automobiles. Apart from these common features they have certain distinct features which are not common like mopeds have two wheels and cars have four wheels, also cars uses petrol and trucks run on diesel.
Abstraction: Suppose, for example, that you have a group of functions that can act on a specific data structure. To make those functions easier to use by, as far as possible, you can take the data structure out of the interface of the entity/ object, by supplying a few additional functions to manage the data. Thus, all the work of manipulating the data structure viz. allocating data, initializing, output of information, modifying values, keeping it up to date etc. can be done through the functions. All the user does; is to call the functions and pass the structure to them.
With these changes, the structure has become an opaque token that other programmers never need to look inside. They can concentrate on what the functions do, not how the data is organized. You have taken the first step toward creating an object.
Information hiding: The process of hiding details of an object or function is information hiding. Information hiding is a powerful programming technique because it reduces complexity. One of the chief mechanisms for hiding information is encapsulation — combining elements to create a larger entity. The programmer can then focus on the new object without worrying about the hidden derails. In a sense, the entire hierarchy of programming languages — from machine languages to high-level languages — can be seen as a form of information hiding.
Information hiding is also used to prevent programmers from changing — intentionally or unintentionally — parts of a program.
Encapsulation: In an Object oriented language, a class is clearly encapsulated as the data variables and the related operations on data are placed together in a class.
For example, in a Windows based software, the window object contains Window's dimensions, position, colour etc. Encapsulated with these data are the functions which can be performed on Window i.e. moving, resizing of Window etc. The other part of this window program will call upon window object to carry out the necessary function. The calling or interacting with the window object will be performed by sending messages to it. The required action will be performed by the window object according to its internal structure. This internal working is hidden from the external world or from the other part of the software program.

Friday, July 25, 2008

Hi This is me

"The reason half the world feels lonely is because the other half is pretending to be perfect." ... Julia Alison!
Hi This is me, Partha Sarathi - a very simple boy from a unknown village of West Bengal, India.
The design of this blog like me, it's definitely not perfect, but I look forward to improvements over the next few weeks/months/years.
I will try to bring some stories here... may be personal or may be general. You read or trash it, its your wish!
See you Soon, bye!